CRITICAL PEDAGOGYBrazilian Paolo Freire, one of the most influential educators of the 20th century, referred to his method of teaching adults as ‘critical pedagogy’.
Critical pedagogy takes as a central concern the issue of power in the teaching and learning context. It focuses on how and in whose interests knowledge is produced and 'passed on' and view the ideal aims of education as emancipatory.
'Critical pedagogy' is a teaching approach which attempts to help students question and challenge domination, and the beliefs and practices that support the proposed domination. In other words, it is a theory and practice of helping students achieve critical consciousness. In this tradition the teacher works to lead students to question ideologies and practices considered oppressive (including those at school), and encourage liberatory collective and individual responses to the actual conditions of their own lives.
The student must begin as a member of the society (society including religion, national identity, cultural norms, or expected roles) they are cynically studying. After they reach the point of revelation where they begin to view their society as deeply flawed, the next behavior encouraged is sharing this knowledge with the attempt to change the oppressive nature of the society or withdrawal from society.
Famous authors of critical pedagogy texts include:
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© Virtual Pedagogy - June Kaminski, MSN PhD St 2003 - 2004
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